Items filtered by date: August 2022

Tuesday, 30 August 2022 00:00

How to Find the Right Shoes

The shoes you wear play an important role in the health of your feet. Improperly fitting shoes can contribute to the development of corns, calluses, bunions, and hammertoes. Besides reducing the pain from a foot deformity or gait problem, well-fitted shoes can also help prevent these conditions from becoming worse. Following are a few ways to increase the chances of finding the right shoe for your feet. Try on shoes at the end of the day, when your feet will be the largest. Bring with you any orthotics you may need, as well as the socks or foot coverings you are likely to wear with that shoe. Have your feet measured, and if one foot is larger, choose that size. Stand in the shoes, and walk around a bit to see how they feel. If the shoe is too tight or too loose in the store, try a different size or a different style. Look for shoes with ample room in the toe box, and avoid high heels. Also look for shoes with mesh uppers that allow the feet to breathe and those that provide cushioning to the heel and ball of the foot. If you have preexisting conditions of the feet, it is a good idea to seek the guidance of a podiatrist before purchasing your footwear. 

Finding a properly-fitting shoe is important in reducing injuries and preventing foot problems. For more information about treatment, contact Renee Rodriquez, DPM from Foot Clinic of South Texas. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

A common concern when it comes to foot health, having properly fitted shoes can help prevent injuries to the foot. Out feet affect our posture and gait, which in turn affects the biomechanics and overall bodily structure. With 33 joints, 26 bones, and over 100 ligaments, the potential for serious injury is much greater than one realizes. Although the feet cease growth in adulthood, they still change shape as they mature. Here are some factors to consider when it comes to investing in proper fitting shoes:

  • Be sure the shoes fit correctly right away
  • Ensure the ball of your foot fits comfortably in the widest portion of the shoes
  • Even though they may look fashionable, improper fitting shoes can either create adverse conditions or exacerbate existing ones you may already have
  • Walk along a carpeted surface to ensure the shoes comfortably fit during normal activity

Keeping in mind how shoes fit the biomechanics of your body, properly-fitting shoes are vitally important. Fortunately, it is not difficult to acquire footwear that fits correctly. Be sure to wear shoes that support the overall structure of your body. Do your feet a favor and invest in several pairs of well-fitted shoes today.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Brownsville, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 23 August 2022 00:00

Different Facets of the Foot

The movement of the body is referred to as biomechanics. Biomechanics of the feet refer to the movement of the feet and ankles. One of the functions of the ankle is to transfer the forces from the foot to the leg. Ligaments, muscles, and tendons connect the three bones that the ankle is made of and allow the foot to move up and down. The walk cycle, which is known as the gait, is divided into two phases known as the swing and stance phases. The former happens when the foot swings forward and is not in contact with the ground. The latter occurs when the foot hits the ground and this phase is split into three categories: heel strike, midstance, and heel lift. The heel strike allows the foot to roll inward known as pronation. This allows the foot to absorb the shock that comes from walking on different surfaces. The midstance allows the weight of the body to be directly over the foot as contact with the ground is made. When the foot rolls outward this describes the heel lift, and it activates the bones, muscles, and plantar fascia to work together as steps are taken. The foot is a complex structure and if you would like to learn more about how it works, please consult with a podiatrist.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Renee Rodriquez, DPM from Foot Clinic of South Texas. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Brownsville, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Constant care and regular evaluation are important for a foot or ankle fracture. If left untreated, foot or ankle fractures can worsen over time and create more serious problems.

Don't wait to be examined if you believe you've experienced a foot or ankle fracture.

Tuesday, 09 August 2022 00:00

Dealing With a Hammertoe

A hammertoe is when a toe is stuck in an upward bent position at the middle of a joint. The top of the toe is bent forward and looks like a hammer, hence its name. It is one of the most common deformities of the forefoot and can affect balance as well as cause pain and trouble with walking and other activities. Hammertoes can happen when the small muscles on the bottom of the feet (intrinsic muscles) are weaker than the larger muscles on the top of the foot (extrinsic muscles). Hammertoe can often be a result of other issues, such as having flat feet with longer metatarsals or middle foot bones, having a bunion, having a medical condition such as diabetes or inflammatory arthropathies that affect muscles, tendons, and nerves in the feet, and wearing shoes that are too narrow or tight, forcing the toes down into the tip of the shoe. Beyond pain, if you have a hammertoe, you may experience swelling or redness of the toe, callus formation on the parts of the toe that rub against the shoe, and changes in walking patterns. Treatment includes wearing properly fitted shoes with wide toe boxes, doing toe stretching and other exercises to build up the strength of the intrinsic muscles of the foot, wearing cushions, pads, or insoles, taping, and possibly surgery. Early intervention is more likely to work since the toe joint will be more apt to be flexible. If you feel you have a hammertoe, and particularly if it is causing you discomfort, talk with a podiatrist about treatment that might work best for you.

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Renee Rodriquez, DPM of Foot Clinic of South Texas. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.


Hammertoe is a foot deformity that occurs due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. It can be caused by the type of shoes you wear, your foot structure, trauma, and certain disease processes.


  • Painful and/or difficult toe movement
  • Swelling
  • Joint stiffness
  • Calluses/Corns
  • Physical deformity

Risk Factors

  • Age – The risk of hammertoe increases with age
  • Sex – Women are more likely to have hammertoe compared to men
  • Toe Length – You are more likely to develop hammertoe if your second toe is longer than your big toe
  • Certain Diseases – Arthritis and diabetes may make you more likely to develop hammertoe


If you have hammertoe, you should change into a more comfortable shoe that provides enough room for your toes. Exercises such as picking up marbles may strengthen and stretch your toe muscles. Nevertheless, it is important to seek assistance from a podiatrist in order to determine the severity of your hammertoe and see which treatment option will work best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Brownsville, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 02 August 2022 00:00

Treatment for Dry or Cracked Heels

When dry skin, known as xerosis, occurs on the heels, it can be caused by a number of factors, such as wearing open-backed shoes, being overweight, or the constant rubbing of the heel within a shoe. Cracked skin also can be a sign of diabetes or neuropathy. Further causes include taking extra hot showers, using harsh soaps, cold weather, and standing for long periods. If dealt with early, dry or cracked heels can be lessened or even eliminated. Ignored, they may cause serious illness. In severe cases, cracked heels may become infected, causing cellulitis. A few easy treatments include soaking the feet in warm water, drying them completely, and applying moisturizer. It also may be good to use a pumice or nail file to gently scrub away the dead skin. Protect your feet from extreme heat, such as walking barefoot on hot sand or pavement. However, if your heels are severely cracked and painful, it is a good idea to make an appointment with a podiatrist for an exam and treatment as soon as possible.  

Cracked heels are unsightly and can cause further damage to your shoes and feet. If you have any concerns, contact Renee Rodriquez, DPM from Foot Clinic of South Texas. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

Cracked heels appear unappealing and can make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Aside from looking unpleasant, cracked heels can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.

How Do You Get Them?

Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.

Promote Healing

Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief or who suffer from chronic dry feet.

Wear Socks – Wearing socks with medicated creams helps lock in moisture.

Moisturizers – Applying both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.

Pumice Stones – These exfoliate and remove dead skin, which allows for smoother moisturizer application and better absorption into the skin. 

Change in Diet

Eating healthy with a well-balanced diet will give the skin a fresh and radiant look. Your body responds to the kinds of food you ingest. Omega-3 fatty acids and zinc supplements can also revitalize skin tissue.

Most importantly, seek professional help if unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels. A podiatrist will help you with any questions or information needed. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Brownsville, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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